Hypercube 300 - Core XY 3D printer scratch build

Discussion in '3D Printers & Projects' started by Logan321, Jul 6, 2018.

  1. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I've owned my Flsun Prusa i3 clone for a few months now, and know enough about 3d printing to start a scratch build. I've seen quite a few different designs out there but the corexy design seems like a solid system.

    I've ordered a bunch of parts from China and will eventually salvage the controller, motors and some 2020 extrusion from the flsun to complete the HC300.

    There's about 40 pieces to print as well so while I'm getting those finished I should start seeing some of the orders come in.


    Here's the design of the specific printer I'm making.
    https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2517628
     
  2. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    20180707_153342.jpg I brought home some prebent aluminum from work and will be using it to make a box to house the electronics, wiring and power supply. The extra piece across the front is to create the clearance for a LCD display, power and lighting rocker switches, and two 80mm fans.

    Today I cut, drilled and attached the aluminum plate to the extrusions, and started printing parts for the eventual assembly.
     
    Last edited: Jul 7, 2018
  3. Lazorz_Go_PewPew

    Lazorz_Go_PewPew Gawd

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    Looking good man! Keep us posted.
     
  4. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Will do. Lots of waiting for parts, is where I'm at now. I'm designing a 2:1 reduction, dual belt, single motor z axis system at the moment. I'll post more when I've got something to show for it. ;) I might try to adapt a magnetic dual parking extruder carrier system for it as well.
     
  5. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Screws, hammer nuts, y axis 8mm ss rods, x axis carbon fiber rods and assisted other parts arrived this week. I've got the frame partially assembled. I'll have some pics tonight.
     
  6. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    20180712_182707.jpg Built the frame, installed the X/Y axis rods and motor mounts. I'm still waiting on a 128x64 LCD screen before I design and print the front plate. It'll have 2x 80mm fans, screen, and switches for power and lighting.
     
    Last edited: Jul 13, 2018
  7. Lazorz_Go_PewPew

    Lazorz_Go_PewPew Gawd

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    It looks like a beast!
    Any more progress?
     
  8. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I redesigned the electrical box today using a piece of aluminum I bent to almost 45 degrees using a jury rigged brake and then beating it with a hammer. Then I gave them a etching primer coat.

    I created some prototype face plates for the display and two 80mm fans. I'm still considering options for mounting. They may attach directly to the 2020 extrusion with a printed clip. I have to either move or source different switches though, they're too deep to fit between the extrusion and the face plate.
    20180722_175626.jpg
    20180721_155139.jpg 20180722_135107.jpg 20180722_144126.jpg
     
    Last edited: Jul 22, 2018
  9. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I think I can use the existing switches, they'll just have to be adjusted to avoid the 2020 horizontal bar. I've got a clip designed for the front panel but it's a bit overkill. I'll probably remove most of the bulk and it should still be solid enough.
     
  10. Paladin21

    Paladin21 Gawd

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    I thought a long time about doing a hypercube evo, but ended up getting a Tevo Little Monster instead as I wanted a delta for a change of pace. Nice looking build, and you're definitely making it your own.
     
  11. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Parts are still trickling in. Unfortunately many of the linchpin pieces seem to be delayed, like the bed extrusions and the idler bearings. Once those arrive I can assemble the xy system and the z platform and heatbed.
     
  12. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Designed the brackets to support the front panel, finished tweaking a few things and printed the first one to test the fit. Seems like it'll work. Printing the other 3 now.
    20180723_185702.jpg 20180723_191011(1).jpg
     
    Last edited: Jul 23, 2018
  13. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    New faceplate with switches moved to the right side so they don't block the SD card slot, and moved apart to clear the extrusion. I need to reprint the fan grills as the size isn't quite right, but it's closer.
    20180724_204530[1].jpg
     
  14. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I found a mounting plate I liked for the MKS Rev L 1.0 I'll be using for the main controller, so I made a matching set for the dual mosfets for the future dual hotend (maybe) and for the larger mosfet for the heated bed. The MKS plate is printing now, I'll have to print the other two tomorrow.
    circuitboard mounts.png
     
  15. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I decided to just buy new stepper motors instead of salvaging the ones from my other printer. I might turn the old one into a mini size one instead, or a laser engraver or something else. Either way I'll need the motors.

    I got sleeved motor cables and started the cable hiding process.
    20180727_181726.jpg
     
  16. Paladin21

    Paladin21 Gawd

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    Ultibots has inexpensive .9 degree steppers in their web store if you don't want to wait on AliExpress shipping. Got mine in three days.
     
  17. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I just got a set of 3 from amazon. 17HS4401. 1.8 degree is fine. I'm not building anything that needs the additional accuracy.
     
  18. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Since I'm still waiting for parts, I figured I'd work on the lighting. I had some 24V led strip left over from work, so I got some 90 degree mounting strips, modeled and printed some brackets, ran a wire down the frame and plugged it in to test. Works well, I think. :)
    20180728_201011.jpg 20180728_203039.jpg
     
    Last edited: Jul 29, 2018
  19. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    A little more progress today. Printed a frame for my 12/5V transformer and fan breakout board, laid out the component locations in the bottom plate, drilled in the power cord socket, cut and drilled the side plates that support the top. A few more holes and I'm ready to paint.

    20180729_200125.jpg 20180729_200151.jpg
     
    Last edited: Jul 29, 2018
  20. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Finally got the extrusion pieces I ordered a month ago, cut to length, and assembled the hotbed frame and adjusted the z rods for smooth sliding up and down. Waiting on bearings, belts, and the control board, then I can start testing.
    20180807_184910.jpg 20180807_205502.jpg
     
    Last edited: Aug 8, 2018
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  21. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I got notice I'm getting the controller board today! At least I can get the firmware prepared and test the steppers and heated bed this weekend. Still waiting on bearings before I can install the belts though.
     
  22. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Mounted the controller to the riser bracket, installed the X and Y tmc2130 stepper drivers (after soldering on a single pin for the end stop detection), installed the Z and Extruder A4988 stepper drivers, and built a wiring harness to connect to the Aux3 header. Tomorrow I'll start looking at firmware. Fun times.
    20180810_193343.jpg
     
  23. B00nie

    B00nie [H]ardness Supreme

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    Anyone have experience with Creality Ender printers?
     
  24. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    I've made some progress, got the firmware installed, the motors tested, worked out a few kinks so far. Also colour coded the motor cables with shrink wrap. To do: mount the heated bed to the z frame, mount the extruder, run the wiring neatly and finish the cover for the electronics section. Some final tweaking and it should be operational.

    20180814_102937.jpg 20180816_203114.jpg
     
    Last edited: Aug 18, 2018
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  25. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    This is a build log. Start a new thread for questions like that, it's not relevant to this thread. ;)
     
  26. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    Finally have everything together enough to to some basic tests. Bed heats to 75C in about 3 minutes, to 110C in about 8. Hot end heats to 240C in about a minute. Current print area is 200x300x250mm. I've got a 300mm x 300mm bed ordered, with cork and pei. Couple minor snags, the z sensor I'm using detects only 2mm above aluminum, so with the pei sheet on the current heated bed it's really close to the print. I've ordered a Precision Piezo sensor and controller, and I'll replace the z sensor in a few weeks when it arrives. I still have to finish the plate that covers the top of the printer electrical enclosure, should be able to get that cut, painted and installed today.
    20180903_091620_HDR[1].jpg 20180903_091633[1].jpg
    I read the TMC stepper drivers have an issue that they can self destruct when usb power is applied to the board, but no main power. Since I leave my current 3D printer usb plugged into my server, that wasn't going to work for me. So I installed schotsky diodes between VIO and VM. The red is a bit of stripped wire jacket to protect against shorts. The two on the left are TMC 2208s, they'll go in my other printer eventually. I want to make sure this one is running before I mess with it. The two on the right are TMC 2130s, they're controlling the x/y motors.
    20180823_174258[1].jpg
    To simplify the elecrical wiring to the printer head, I created a prototype breakout board and used cat6 24ga stranded cable for the wiring. It carries the heater block, thermistor, heatsink fan, parts cooling fan, and z endstop inductive sensor wiring.
    20180825_093637[1].jpg 20180825_093633[1].jpg 20180825_130635[1].jpg
    It works, but I'm not super happy with it, so I've ordered some USB 3.1 breakout boards (one male, one female) and a 6ft usb3.0 extension cable with 22ga wire. I'll need an extra wire for the 5V going to the piezo sensor anyway.
     
    Last edited: Sep 3, 2018
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  27. N4CR

    N4CR 2[H]4U

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    Great work, I love that you're making parts in another printer.
     
  28. Logan321

    Logan321 [H]ard|Gawd

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    It would add a lot of expense to get all the parts printed through a service. There's places that sell printed part kits for building certain types, but it takes some of the fun out of a scratch build. I think even a 100mm cube printer could make everything for this one except the LCD cover, but it would take longer.

    An update: I finished cutting, sanding, priming and painting the two cover panels for the electrical section. I still need to drill and tap, and install thumb screws for the center section. The front and back pieces will be more permanently attached (covers the AC voltage connection at the back)

    20180903_131446.jpg 20180903_131555.jpg 20180903_142228.jpg 20180903_184627.jpg