Your memory is probably fuzzy.over 15 years ago, Intel used to release processors like 166mhz, 200mhz, 233mhz, 266mhz.
While Intel was releasing faster processors (particularly in the speed ranges you listed), AMD, VIA and Cyrix introduced "PR" ratings, which AMD kept around until the Athlon 64 X2 days. That was because those companies were falling behind in clock speeds.
When AMD released a "450MHz" processor (K6-2 in early 1999), Intel had released the PII 450MHz over 6 months earlier.
Intel had actually been steadily increasing clock speeds over the years at a consistent rate (..., 233, 266, 333, 366, 400, etc), consistently faster than the competition* until the release of the ill-fated Pentium 3 1GHz processor.
* there are a couple of exceptions where competitors were releasing older, slower IPC architectures at higher clock speeds. But those processors were not faster than newer architectures (Netburst excepted).